Iceland

Iceland, officially the Republic of Iceland is an island country in Northern Europe, located in the North Atlantic Ocean between mainland Europe and Greenland.It has  a total area of 103,000 km².Iceland has a temperate climate and provides a habitable environment and nature. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. The settlement of Iceland began in 874 when, , the according to Landnamabok Norwegian chieftain Ingolfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island.Until twentieth century, the Icelandic relied on fisheries and agriculture.But they developed rapidly in  twentieth century in economy and welfare system. In 2007, Iceland was ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index. The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic.The winters are mild and windy while the summers are damp and cool. Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts remain ice-free through the winter. Ice incursions are rare, the last having occurred on the north coast in 1969.Iceland is a large island in the North Atlantic close to the Arctic Circle. The landscape is wild, rugged and colourful, with black lava, red sulphur, hot blue geysers, rivers, waterfalls and green valleys. Iceland is one of the most volcanically active countries in the world.


Iceland, officially the Republic of Iceland is an island country in Northern Europe, located in the North Atlantic Ocean between mainland Europe and Greenland.It has  a total area of 103,000 km².Iceland has a temperate climate and provides a habitable environment and nature. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. The settlement of Iceland began in 874 when, , the according to Landnamabok Norwegian chieftain Ingolfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island.Until twentieth century, the Icelandic relied on fisheries and agriculture.But they developed rapidly in  twentieth century in economy and welfare system. In 2007, Iceland was ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index. The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic.The winters are mild and windy while the summers are damp and cool. Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts remain ice-free through the winter. Ice incursions are rare, the last having occurred on the north coast in 1969.Iceland is a large island in the North Atlantic close to the Arctic Circle. The landscape is wild, rugged and colourful, with black lava, red sulphur, hot blue geysers, rivers, waterfalls and green valleys. Iceland is one of the most volcanically active countries in the world.

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